Chairman: Bernie O’Mahony 086 6866519
Secretary: Patricia Hennessy 087 9385025
Child Welfare Officer: Sean Stack 086 8730257
Registrar: Sean Ryle 086 2710053
PRO: Hugh Kelleher 087 2311153
U18 Team: Michael McCarthy 087 9982764
U16 Team: Sean Ryle 086 2710053
U15 Team: Kevin Joyce 086 2319386
U14 Team: Aidan McSweeney 087 1325757
U13 Team: Bernard Laverty 087 6487054
U12 Team: Andrew Flynn 087 9087140
U11 Team: Liam Honohan 087 8581047
U18 Team: Pat Barry 087 2579769
U16 Team: Hugh Kelleher 087 2311153
U15 Team: Garrett Barry 086 1746458
U14 Team: Ray O Connell 086 6049690
U13 Team: Martin Deasy 087 6494278
U12 Team: Shane Wafer 087 9729892
U11 Team: Richard O Farrell 086 8237904
The weekend of 24th to 26th June promises to be a huge weekend for Carrigaline as both Carrigaline GAA and Carrigaline Ladies Football Club were selected as Host Clubs for the National Feile Competition. Féile Peile na nÓg is a GAA club festival for Gaelic football and Ladies Gaelic football at Under 14 level and it involves teams from across the world-wide reach of the Gaelic Athletic Association.
This is a wonderful opportunity for the boys and girls and the Club to be part of the National Feile where they will get to meet new friends from different counties and also play football at the highest standard. The boys are hosting Termon GAA from Donegal and the girls are hosting Lucan Sarsfields from Dublin. It will be a very busy weekend for the clubs mentors, officers and members with matches, food, travel, entertainment and Parade being organised.
Carrigaline LGFA Feile Panel
Lucan Sarsfields Feile Panel
Girls Games Schedule
5.00pm Carrigaline v Nemo Rangers
5.45pm Lucan Sarsfields, Dublin v St. Patricks, Wicklow
6.30pm Nemo Rangers v Lucan Sarsfields
7.15pm Carrigaline v St. Patricks
10am Carrigaline v Lucan Sarsfields
The girls will travel to Rathmore for the Quarter Finals of the Cup or Shield depending on where they finish in their group.
Carrigaline GAA Feile Panel
Termon Feile Panel
Boys Games Schedule
5.00pm Carrigaline v Glanmire
5.45pm Cellbridge, Kildare v Termon, Donegal
6.30pm Carrigaline v Cellbridge
7.15pm Glanmire v Termon
10.45am Carrigaline v Termon
The boys will travel to Ballincollig for the Quarter Finals of the Cup or Shield depending on where they finish in their group.
The Semi Finals and Final of Feile Peile na nÓg will be on Sunday 26th.
The parade will be on Saturday the 25th at 7pm. The parade is taking place in Carrigaline and it promises to be a memorable event with over 30 teams taking part from all over Ireland. We expect over 800 boys and girls to march along with a number of bands. The parade will begin on Station Road, through the town and finish in the GAA club. This will be one of the highlights of the weekend, an event not to be missed.
Disco 9-11pm for participating teams.
Music in the Club lounge for parents and friends from 9.30pm till late with Richard & Friends.
A night of craic agus ceol.
We’d encourage as many people as possible to come down to the Club and support all the teams over the weekend in what promises to be an unforgettable weekend for all the young footballers and visitors to our town.
Blarney 1-12 Carrigaline 0-11
U16 Hurling v Blarney
Carrigaline 4-09 Carrigtwohill 7-16
U16 Hurling v Carrigtwohill
Pitch One Pitch Two
11.00 am Carrigaline v Éire Óg St. Nicholas v Wolfe Tones
11.45 am Wolfe Tones v Carrigaline St. Nicholas v Midelton
Éire Óg Bye
12.30 pm Midleton v Wolfe Tones Éire Óg v St. Nicholas
1.15 pm Wolfe Tones v Éire Óg Midleton v Carrigaline
St. Nicholas Bye
2.00 pm Éire Óg v Midleton Carrigaline v St. Nicholas
Wolfe Tones Bye
All group games will be 12 minutes a side with a 6 minute half time interval.
SEMI FINALS - Sunday 3rd April - Togher @ 5pm
Pitch One - Winner Group 1 v Winner Group 3
Pitch Two - Winner Group 2 v Winner Group 4
FINAL - Sunday 3rd April @ Togher @ 6pm
Semi Finals and Final will be 15 minutes aside. In the event of extra time 5 minutes aside will take place. Should sides be still level at end of extra time, Referee will restart game by throwing in the ball and the first to score will be declared the winner.
South East U21A Final:
Carrigaline 1-09 Valley Rovers 1-15
The U21B Championship draw can be seen HERE.
Carrigaline 1-5, Clonakilty 1-10
1st Round - Carrigaline 0-11 v Carbery Rangers 1-7
2nd Round - Fri 22nd Jan
Carrigaline v Douglas HOME @ 7.30pm - CANCELLED
Wed. 20th Jan - Tom Creedon Cup - Intermediate Football
Carrigaline 0-0 v Kiskeam 0-10
Sun 24th Jan - Tadhg Crowley Cup - Senior Football
Carrigaline 1-05 v Clonakilty 1-10
Result:- Carrigaline 2-8 Oola 0-5
Carrigaline will play St. Marys (Kerry) in the Final on the weekend 28/29th November.
Carrigaline 0-12 St Michaels 0-11 Match Report….
Money may be handed in to club for 2015/16 draw tonight.
Draw committee there from 8.00pm on. Treasurer there most nights. New members welcome. Tickets and brochures available.
Sept/Oct draw next week, therefore new names would need to be in asap.
Sun. 11th Oct.
U14 P1 Football League Semi Final
Carrigaline v Douglas in Douglas @ 1.15pm
Score- Carrigaline 2-7 Douglas 2-6.
Congratulations to the Carrigaline footballers who defeated Ballinhassig in the South East Final this evening Tuesday 8th September on a scoreline of 1-13 to 0-9 in Ballygarvan.
Carrigaline 1-10 St. Vincents 0-8
Carrigaline 3-11 Bishopstown 0-11
Carrigaline will play the winners of Bishopstown and Douglas in the next round
Carrigaline 2-9 St. Michaels 5-14
Carrigaline will play Inniscarra in the next round.
Carrigaline 2-13 Charleville 2-22
Fr.O Neills 2-10 Carrigaline 5-6
Carrigaline 0-5 St.Finbarrs 4-18
Carrigaline 2-16 Fermoy 1-15
Match Report v Fermoy
Carrigaline 2-17 Sliabh Rua 2-11
Match Report v Sliabh Rua
C3 U12 Football v’s Na Piarsaigh 10\5\15
Na Piarsaigh’s were the opponents for the C3 team and there were 17 lads togged out and ready for action on Friday night. There was a good crowd in attendance and they saw an entertaining match with 29 scores shared by both teams over the hour. Na Piarsaigh’s started well, aided by a stiff breeze, and put the Carrigaline defence under serious pressure early on. However led by Billy Cronin and Sean Byrne the defence eventually settled and got to grips with their pacy opponents. Na Piarsaigh’s led at half time on a scoreline of 4-3 to2-3 and the mentors were glad to see the break. After an informative team talk the real C3 emerged for the second half led by Chris Kiely (4 goals) and Evan O’Sullivan. Aidan O’Shea and Christopher Laverty showed some touches of class up front and in goal respectively with Johnny Deasy(1-5) also starring. Fernando Slavin was a powerful presence up front as he contested every ball. Jack O’Shea gave it everything as always and debutant Lee Davies scored a good goal and used his height to good advantage. Carrigaline ran out winners on a score line of 8-9 to6-4 to continue to move up the league table. Lessons continue to be learned by this group with plenty of work to be done on the defensive side of things and training continues as normal.
C3 Football v’s Douglas 23/5/15
The C3 team had an enjoyable outing on Friday night against near neighbours Douglas. The purpose of this league is to ensure everybody gets game time to improve their skills in a less pressurised match environment. This is certainly happening with these lads as they are improving with each outing as evidenced by a much closer encounter in this return game with Douglas. Tom McNamara is a great example of this after a classy display in the half back line next to the combative Ross Kenneally. Full forward Evan O’Sullivan had a hand in most scores and took his own impressively. Under 11 Aidan O’Shea got a point in the second half that his display deserved. Indeed the other Under 11’s Dylan Touhig and Eddie Cunningham also did very well and are a credit to the their coaches. Johnny Deasy impressed in the forwards rifling over a couple of fine points with Odhran Creedon showing up well at both ends of the pitch. The match ended in a narrow loss but as previously stated these games have different objectives.
Premier Football v’s Glanmire 27/5/25
Thin Lizzy’s ”The Boys Are Back In Town” was blasting from a car as the lads made their way off the pitch and it was certainly an apt song for this group of players as they have fought their way back into contention for the league. The final score was Carrigaline 6-11 Glanmire 6-9. This game was like a throwback to an old style match with thrills and spills and plenty of action around the goalmouths. Five of the forwards got on the score sheet with poacher Miki Mackin leading the way with 2-1 closely followed by Paul Harding (1-3) and Rhys McCarthy (1-3).Cillian Walshe chipped in with 1-1 and his spirited play was a joy to behold. Fernando Slavin was introduced in the second half and made an impact scoring 1-1 and was unlucky to have another goal ruled out. Charlie O’Brien had a fine game at half back with his intelligent running being a feature of the game. Finn O’Connell commanded the centre back position throughout ably assisted by Sean Byrne who improves with each outing. Silly mistakes are still costing these players scores with short foot passes and poor pickups being particularly annoying but they are certainly not lacking in spirit as they overcame a six point deficit to win a magnificent game of football. Indeed this team can only get better especially with the return of Evan O’Leary who we wish a speedy recovery to after his appendix operation. That’s the end of the Premier football until September with the hurlers taking over next week. “Guess who just got back today…..
Nemo Rangers 4-5
Nemo landed in Carrigaline on Friday night and the lads had real trouble finding them for the first fifteen minutes as Nemo started strongly. Injuries, absentees and a heavy workload for many players are not helping as the selectors are looking to find a settled team. Eventually Carrigaline got going with Shane McSweeney showing well for the ball up front and his cousin Nathan O’Keefe defending well at the other end. At half time the team were confident of reeling in Nemo despite a five point deficit. The second half led to an improved performance with Rhys McCarthy starring as he scored 3-6 out of a total of 3-7 with Paul Harding notching the other point. Indeed the second half was very similar to last week’s game as Carrigaline dominated possession and territory but struggled to score. It looked however that victory had been secured when Rhys McCarthy netted his third goal to give Carrigaline a two point cushion with a minute to go. There was more drama to come as that most dangerous of leads proved just so as Nemo snatched a late goal to secure victory. Calem Dungan was outstanding in goal again and these lads are very close to gaining the victories that their perfomances deserve.
Premier 1 Football U12 11/5/15
Carrigaline vs St.Finbarrs
Two evenly matched sides lined up at a windy Carrigaline and what followed was a fantastic march as both sides gave everything over the hour. The Barrs used the wind to their advantage in the first half and three early goals unnerved the lads. However Carrigaline fought back led by the outstanding Cillian Walshe and trailed by 3-5 to 2-2 at half time. Carrigaline proceeded to dominate the second half holding the Barrs scoreless in the process. Captain Tim Sheehan, centre back Finn O’Connell and the tenacious Evan O’Leary drove their team forward at every opportunity. Points followed from Shane McSweeney and Charlie O’Brien and when Cillian Walshe netted his third goal the comeback was on. Rhys McCarthy drew the sides level and several further chances went a begging as the Barrs defended as if their lives depended on it. Full back Nathan O’Keefe worked his way up the pitch at the death but his effort went narrowly wide and the chance to win was gone. The match finished 3-5 to 3-5 amid great excitement!
Monday 4th May 2015
Carrigaline 3-7 Belgooly 2-14
Saturday 2nd May 2015
Carrigaline 0-9 Castletownbere 0-7
Monday April 27th in Belgooly @ 7pm
Carrigaline 3-12 Ballinhassig 2-13
Carrigaline Minor hurlers played their first competitive game of the season in the Twomey Cup against Passage. Carrigaline won on a score line of 1.16 to 9 Pts.
We had 17 players available for this fixture and all played a part in this win. Carrigaline started well and competed for every ball playing a very attractive game of hurling running up a score line of 11Pts to 4Pts at half time.
In the second half passage came more into the game at the start and ran up some early points, Carrigaline held their nerve and eventually got back in the game and started scoring again freely to put the game out of reach with a full time score line of 1.16 to 9 pts.
Well done to all 17 players who competed for everything on the pitch and were deserving winners. Kieran Dwane, Captain, accepted the cup on behalf of the team and gave a fine team speech.
17 players played today,
Kieran Dwane, Capt, Steven Williamson, Stephen Walsh, Evan o Brien, Declan Maye, Jack Cronin, David Thomas, David Stack, Luke Condon , Cian o Donovan, Shane Barry, Shay Simpson, Chris Vaughan, Chris Murray, Colin Maguire, Sean Goulding, James Maher.
U 12 Premier1 Football vs Douglas 13/3/15
Friday night lights proved to be a disappointment as Douglas came to town. After a good start last week this game was played at a much higher tempo and it took the lads much longer to get to the pace of the game. Indeed they managed to win the second half on a score line of 1-5 to 1-3 but by then the damage was done as Douglas scored freely in the first half. Captain Finn O’Connell was outstanding throughout ably assisted in the halfback line by Tim Sheehan. Cillian Walshe ploughed a lonely furrow upfront as Douglas defended resolutely. Matters improved in the second half as Rhys McCarthy scored 1-2 and Charlie O’Brien coolly slotted two frees while the green leprechaun Miki Mackin made two vital saves. Paul Harding also came into the game when moved to centre forward. The learning curve continues for this team and the old failing of slow starts must be eradicated if performances are to improve.
U 12 C3 Football vs Ballincollig 14/3/15
The C3 team travelled back to Ballincollig this week but the result was reversed as Ballincollig were just that bit sharper on the day. Evan O’Sullivan tried his heart out at centre forward and scored a fine point as did Johnny Deasy and Fernando Slavin. However Ballincollig found scores easier to come by and they ran out winners on a score line of 3-5 to 1-3.Carrigaline’s goal came from Liam Ahern who wants to play all his games in Ballincollig after netting a major there last week too! Dylan Allen played very well over the hour and Miki Mackin was outstanding as he covered every blade of grass. Fitness and basic skills are two issues for this team but spirit is not as they never gave up.
Next up is Midleton in the Premier1 and Nemo for the C3’s.
The U14’s took part in the Rebel Og Football Feile in Killeagh on Saturday March 14th and qualified for the Quarter finals tomorrow in Ballincollig.
They were in Group 8 which comprised of 6 teams and 2 sections. Carrigaline played Eirns Own in the first game and ran out winners on a score of 4-9 to 0-0.
Scorers: Tim Cronin 2-1, Ronan Kelleher 1-0, Callum Murphy 1-0, Kevin O’Reilly 0-3, John Greally 0-2, David McCarthy, Robert Ryle and Eoghan Kirwan 0-1 each.
The next game was against Na Piarsaigh. Carrig led 2-4 to 1-1 at half time. Na Piarsaigh were held scoreless in the second half and Carrig ran out winners on a score of 3-5 to 1-1.
Scorers; David McCarthy 1-1, Ronan Kelleher 1-0, Eoghan Kirwan 1-0, Chris Daly 0-2, Tim Cronin and Kevin O’Reilly 0-1 each.
This meant Carrigaline were winners of their section and went on to meet Midleton in the group Final. This game turned out to be cracker and could have gone either way up to the last minute. Carrig led 1-5 to 0-2 at half time with Midleton having a couple of near misses. the second half was up for grabs with Carrig leading for a while, Midleton getting goals and leading by a point before Carrigaline came back to grab a few points themselves to put them back in front by 2. In the dying seconds Carrig got a goal to leave the final score Carrigaline 2-10 Midleton 3-2.
Scorers; David McCarthy 1-2, Ronan Kelleher 1-0, Tim Cronin 0-3, Kevin O’Reilly 0-2, Chris Daly 0-2 and Michael Coholan 0-1.
Quarter Finals - Sun March 15th in Ballincollig @ 4.30pm
Ballincollig v Douglas
Carrigaline v Castlehaven
Winners play in Semi final at 5.30pm
Carrigaline played Castlehaven in the Quarter final and after 4 goals and 3 points being scored, Carrigaline led by a point, 2-2 to 2-1. carrigaline started the second half with a couple of goals in the first couple of minutes through some good work done by the forwards and a John Greally rocket. this gave Carrig a cushion and did they need it. Even though castlehaven did not score in the second half, it was not through lack of effort but courageous and determined defending by Carrigaline plus a couple of goal line saves. The score ended up Carrigaline 5-3 Castlehaven 2-1.
Scorers: Eoghan Kirwan 1-0, Callum murphy 1-0, John Greally 1-0, Tim Cronin 1-0, Dave McCarthy 1-0 and Kevin O’Reilly 0-3.
Next up for Carrigaline was Douglas who had beaten Ballincollig in their Quarter Final. This was always going to be a close encounter as a draw was the outcome when they last met in the league a few weeks back. The Semi Final started with Douglas on the attack and led by a few points until Carrig scored a fine point through Kevin. Doulas then led by three until Tim pointed and towards the end of the half Carrig were awarded a penalty which Tim put away brilliantly sending the goalie the wrong way. This left Carrig a point ahead at half time Carrigaline 1-2 Douglas 0-4. The second half started as the first did with Douglas pushing on for scores and were rewarded with a couple of points and a goal to a solitary point from Carrigaline through Kevin. This put Douglas 3 points ahead but not out of reach. With Carrig beginning to win ball in midfield and the defence being urged on through determination and battling qualities from Barry and co things began to happen up front for Carrig. A well worked move from the midfield and forwards saw Ronan put the ball in the Doulas net. Drawn game and all to play for. Carrig tried hard to get a score to put them ahead but it not to be and Douglas got a free, put it in quickly to their forward line and scored what turned out to be the winning point. Carrig never gave up and fought all the ways to the final whistle. The final score was Carrigaline 2-3 Douglas 1-7.
Scorers: Tim Cronin 1-1, Ronan Kelleher 1-0 and Kevin O Reilly 0-2.
Well done to all involved, the coaches Sean, Tony and Martin and of course the full panel of players themselves. This was the end of a fabulous weekend for the U14 footballers playing good football, the end of the weekend and not the journey because these lads play with courage, heart, skill and have great determination, their jouney is only beginning…..
Photos taken by Dermot Healy on FLICKR can be seen HERE
Dublin Footballers (Feb.1st) and Kilkenny Hurlers (Feb.14th) travel to Cork, for the opening rounds of the respective Allianz Leagues. In subsequent rounds, Páirc Uí Rinn hosts Clare and Tipperary Hurlers and Kerry and Mayo Footballers. Let the games commence! All the 2015 Cork fixtures are here….
Tom Creedon Cup Quarter Final in Carrigaline on Sunday 25th v st Michaels at 2.00
We were defeated by St Michaels 1-12 to 2-7. See pictures attached
Last week we defeated Ballinora by 1-10 to 0-4 in the first round. Match Report
On Friday 5th Carrigaline GAA had their Under Age End of Year Party / Awards night. The Under Age were joined by the Ladies Football and Comogie Club for the occasion. A great night was had by all and finished off with a Bingo session for the boys and girls.Lots of prizes were won on the night.There was music in the lounge for the adults by “CENTRE STAGE”.
Photos of the night can be seen here…
Congratulations to the U15 footballers who won the Premier1 Championship and League yesterday, Sunday, against Douglas in UCC Mardyke in front of a large crowd. The score was Carrigaline 2-10 to Douglas 1-8. This rounded off a fabulous week for the U15s as they had won the Premier2 hurling league last week against Eire Og…... Match Report
U15 P2 Hurling League Final Result
Carrigaline 2-22 v Éire Óg 2-8
The Premier Minor Footballers defeated St. Finbarrs by 5-9 to 0-4 to complete the league and championship double. Great year for the team. Well done to everyone involved
Carrigaline 4-18 : St.Michaels 0-4
Carrigaline will play Douglas in the U15 Football Championship & League Final Double Header in Pairc Uí Chaoimh on Sunday 30th November.
Time to be confirmed. This will be a cracker! Note the date..
8/11/14 - U15 P1 Football Championship
Carrigaline 4-8 : Nemo Rangers 0-13 ...... Match Report
The club lounge is available for members and friends to call in for a drink and a chat, watch a match on TV or come along and enjoy live music on some of our music nights. (Check events on our web site). The lounge is also very suitable for smaller functions. You’ll always be welcome and your support will be appreciated.
The Pavilion Hall
The club hall is spacious and can be used as a sports facility, or is in demand as a function room utilized for many community activities and events.
The hall as a function room, has a full bar service and is also available to rent, both to members and non members for a variety of events including Birthdays, Weddings, Meetings, Anniversaries, Quiz Nights. Catering facilities are available to support such events.
For reservations please contact the bar manager, Peter McCarthy, on 021-4372011 up to 1.00pm.
How would you like the chance to win some fantastic prizes AND support your club, all for just €10 per month?
The total prize fund for this year’s Draw is €450,000, and the fantastic prizes include cars, cash and holidays. You can join the remaining draws for just €80!!
The November draw takes place at Ballyanley (Inniscarra) on Thursday November 27th with a Ford Focus and a €10,000 trip to the US Masters to be won!!!
Everyone who enters the Cork GAA Clubs’ Draw also gets a free ticket for the national GAA draw! To join, contact your local club, or phone the Draw office at Páirc Uí Rinn on 021-4291122, or visit http://www.corkgaadraw.ie, where you can join online and view recent winners.
Support your club!
Hurling League Play Offs
The curtain fell on the 2014 hurling year in Mallow last Monday on what was ultimately a successful season.
The lads qualified for the Final Four playoff along with Douglas, Ballincollig and St. Finbarrs. Conditions were tough with a strong wind blowing down the pitch. Douglas were first up in the semi- final and the eventual winners were given a fright as the lads tore into them at every opportunity. However Douglas took their points as the second half wore on and their opportunism proved the difference. Rhys McCarthy, Captain Jaimie Nolan and Ross Kenneally led the way for team 1 while Stephen Landy, Miki Mackin and the robust Chris Kiely were real leaders for Team 2 especially in the second half.
The plate final was between ourselves and Ballincollig and Team 2 came up a point short after a disallowed goal proved costly. Finn O’Connell, goalscorer Charlie O’Brien and Captain Liam Ahern were outstanding in this match while Nathan O’Keefe got better as the games went on. Team 1 were under pressure from the start but Paul Harding, Tim Sheehan, Odhran Creedon and Johnny Deasy performed well while Shane MacSweeney was unlucky not get a couple of goals. Jake Parsons Twomey did well in defence as did the aggressive Dylan Allen. Special mention must go to the under 10’s who lined out as their spirit in taking on their older opponents was a joy to behold. Chris Laverty, Darragh Buckley, Eddie Cunningham Cummins and Rory O’Donoghue take a bow. However the real heroes of the day were our goalkeepers as Fernando Slavin produced save after save followed by brilliant clearances and Cillian Walshe who was rock solid for the other team and managed to keep two clean sheets against very strong opponents.
All in all this was a day the lads can look back on with pride as they showed real hurling spirit in all their games.
Carrigaline 1-13: Nemo Rangers 0-7
Photos of the U15 Football League P1 Semi Final can be seen here….......
Premier Minor Footballers won the Premier 1 County Title when they defeated St. Finbarrs by 0-9 to 0-7. WELL DONE LADS - Report to Follow. Rebel Óg Photos
The Under 21 hurlers put up a great performance of grit and determination before going down to Blackrock by 5-13 to 4-10 in the County Final. Well done to everyone involved.
18th Oct 2014 - Carrigaline 1-16 Blarney 3-7
The Intermediate Footballers have been promoted from Division 4 of the league. We will play Mitchelstown in the final.
League Table - http://www.gaacork.ie/league/74741/div.4_f_l
P2 Hurling Cup Quarter Final - Sat Oct 11th
Carrigaline 2-10 Valley Rovers 0-12
U13 Hurling Carrigaline v Valley Rovers .
Congratulation to the Under 21 Hurlers who defeated Ballinhassig by 1-17 to 2-8 to retain the South East (Carrigdhoun) Under 21 Hurling Championship. Next up will be the County Semi -Final. Match report….
The Junior B Footballers defeated Ballygarvan by 2-15 to 0-7 to qualify for the semi-final of the Junior B Football Championship
Premier1:- Carrigaline 1-10 Ballincollig 2-13
Central3:- Carrigaline 2-7 Douglas 1-9
A Reception was held last night, Sept 24th, by Carrigaline Court Hotel for the Carrigaline GAA U16 Football teams that are playing in the county finals tomorrow Friday 26th at the Mardyke.
Read here for more on the reception…........